Thursday, December 14, 2017

Fascinating essive

I haven't really written anything about the essive case, because this excellent web page already exists. However, here are more sentences where the word in essive answers the questions How? and In what way?

  • Katsoin uutisia huolestuneena. - I watched the news feeling worried.
  • Istuin väsyneenä bussissa. - I sat on the bus feeling tired. 
  • En voinut mennä kouluun sairaana. - I couldn't go to school ill.
  • Soitin surullisena äidille. - I called mom and I was sad. 
  • Lähdin vihaisena kuntosalille. - I went (left) to the gym in an angry mood.
  • Tulin virkistyneenä kotiin. - I came home refreshed.

Ylpeänä esittelen tämän vuoden selkokirjojani!
I'm proudly presenting my this year's easy Finnish novels!
 (Osta vaikka kaverille joululahjaksi.)

Notice the difference between the adverb (often a word ending with sti) and the essive form of the adjective:


  • "Hei", hän sanoi iloisena. - "Hei", she said happily. (She was happy.)
  • "Hei", hän sanoi iloisesti. - "Hei", she said happily. (In a happy manner, in a happy tone of voice.)
  • Hän tanssi tyylikkäänä. - He danced dressed stylishly. (The person was stylish.)
  • Hän tanssi tyylikkäästi. - He danced stylishly. (The dancing was stylish.)

Kiehtovaa, eikö olekin? - Fascinating, isn't it?

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Being a fan in Finnish (and a list of Antti Holma links)

Ketä suomalaista artistia sinä seuraat?  - Which Finnish artist do you follow? 

I often advice my students that they should find a Finnish artist that they really really like, and then try to listen and read everything about him or her, and also follow the person in social media. Antti Holma is definitely one of my favourite Finnish actors and media personalities. If you like him too, you might enjoy the following list. If not, you can find similar information about some other Finn.

Lue ensin selkokirja, niin opit lisää suomea. Sitten voit lukea Antti Holman Järjestäjän.:)

Monday, December 11, 2017

Useful video clips in Finnish

If you don't know Yle's Asiointisuomea yet, you should definitely check it out. You can watch video clips in different situtations and also read the scripts. Asioida means to run errands, so asiointi is running errands. These are the topics of the videos:

  • Kahvilassa ja ravintolassa - In a cafe and at a restaurant
  • Kuntosalilla - At the gym
  • Kirjastossa - In the library
  • Pankissa ja vakuutusyhtiössä - In the bank and at the insurance company
  • Vaatekaupassa - In a clothes store
  • Ruokakaupassa - In a grocery store
  • Onnettomuustilanteessa - In the event of an accident
  • Lääkärissä - At the doctor's
  • Puhelinoperaattorin liikkeessä - In a teleoperator store

Related posts:


"Read a book in easy Finnish. It will help you learn more Finnish."


Thursday, December 7, 2017

Mitä uutta joulukuussa? What's new in December?

Here's a post about my books and courses that are available right now. The newest thing is that my third simplification will be out in just a couple of days! Heinähattu, Vilttitossu ja ärhäkkä koululainen is a children's novel, and you can already preorder it in www.booky.fi. I will definitely show the book in my Instagram once I have it, so you cannot miss it. :)

Novels that have been published earlier this year:


"Read a book in easy Finnish. It helps you learn more Finnish."

Available courses:


Podcast:

I also have a podcast channel where my goal is to speak easy Finnish. I'm either interviewing people about their job or hobbies, or just talking by myself.

Book club:

If you want to discuss easy Finnish books with other readers, you can join this Facebook book club hosted by my Facebook page. Right now, we are reading a story called Kauno ja Sutki. Of course, there is also a Memrise course so that you don't have to struggle alone with the new vocabulary.

Private lessons:

Here's my website about the private lessons. It says that I cannot take any new students right now, but I actually can, if you are ok with studying on Mondays or Tuesdays between 9.00 and 15.00. Other times might be negotiable, too, and you can always suggest topics and schedules for group courses.

Boot camp in Tampere:

Finally, if you have read this far, you might be excited to hear that on April 27-29 in 2018,  I will have a weekend course in Finnish at the Varala Sports Institute in Tampere! There won't be any lectures or grammar workshops, but the idea is that we will have a relaxing weekend speaking Finnish and participating in a couple of sports classes that I have chosen and professional sports people will teach. I am always willing to teach and talk about the details of Finnish grammar, but I won't be waking anybody up at 6 o'clock in the morning to conjugate verbs. I will soon have a real ad about the weekend, but send me an email (hanna.mannikkolahti@gmail.com) if you want to know more about the weekend already now. I have booked rooms for 10 ladies.

Monday, December 4, 2017

How to pay attention in Finnish

Here's a small post about paying attention to something in Finnish, kiinnittää huomiota. Kiinni is closed or shut. Kiinnittää is to attach. Huomio is attention. The case government follows the same logic as English, so you should have the adverbial in illative.


p.s. Here is a very good list about the case governments. The website is called Uusi kielemme - Finnish for busy people.

Oletko vielä ostanut joululahjoja? Tässä postauksessa on muutamia ideoita: http://randomfinnishlesson.blogspot.fi/2017/11/lahjaideoita-gift-ideas.html

Monday, November 27, 2017

Selkokirjalukupiiri - An easy Finnish book club

Oletko koskaan lukenut selkokirjaa? Have you ever read a novel or a non-fiction book in easy Finnish? It is a really effective way to study a language, and I dare to say that reading a novel is more fun than reading a text book.

As I've mentioned before, I have simplified two novels: Salla Simukka's Punainen kuin veri and Valkea kuin lumi.  A children's novel by Sinikka and Tiina Nopola, Heinähattu, Vilttitossu ja ärhäkkä koululainen, is being printed as we speak. Two more novels are waiting for the editor's comments, but they are already in my publisher's brochure, on pages 24 and 25. :)  Here are all the posts that I have about easy Finnish.

If you want to read easy Finnish novels with other readers, do join Selkokirjalukupiiri, an easy Finnish book club in Facebook.  In addition to general posts about easy Finnish topics, we have a book of the month that we'll discuss in more detail. You can ask anything, and I'm sure that somebody will answer your question. Tervetuloa lukupiiriin!


Vuoden 2017 selkokirjoja. Easy Finnish novels published in 2017.

Kolme valmista ja yksi melkein valmis selkokirja.
Three ready and one almost ready novel in easy Finnish.

Friday, November 24, 2017

How to push in Finnish

I was completing this Memrise course about my easy Finnish novel, and I realized how many different verbs Finnish has for pushing. Do you know the difference between these ones?

  1. painaa
  2. ponnistaa
  3. puskea
  4. työntää
  5. töniä
  6. tönäistä

Here are some example sentences...

  1. Paina tästä. 
  2. Älä ponnista vielä! Ponnista nyt!
  3. Puske sitä palloa!
  4. Työnnä sitä ovea. 
  5. Älä töni!
  6. Tuo poika tönäisi minua. 

...and the translations are after this ad:


  1. Paina tästä. - Push/press here. 
  2. Älä ponnista vielä! Ponnista nyt! - Don't push yet! Push now! (At childbirth.) 
  3. Puske sitä palloa! - Push that ball (with your forehead)!
  4. Työnnä sitä ovea. - Push that door. 
  5. Älä töni! - Don't push me! (töniä = to push another person multiple times)
  6. Tuo poika tönäisi minua. - That boy pushed me. (tönäistä = to push once. It can be an accident or intentional teasing/bullying.)

Pull and push in Finnish and in Swedish.

Thursday, November 23, 2017

Lahjaideoita - Gift ideas

Joulu tulee! Christmas is coming!

Here's a list of great gift ideas for people who are learning Finnish or who just happen to like Finnish things. Please share your ideas in the comments!

Luettavaa - Things to read:


Puettavaa, syötävää ja kuunneltavaa - Things to wear, eat and listen to:


Selkokirja on aina kiva lahja! :) Tiedäthän, että voit kysyä ja keskustella selkokirjoista Facebookin lukupiirissä?


Monday, November 20, 2017

Being wrong in Finnish

Wrong in Finnish can be either väärä, väärin or väärässä.

  • Tämä on väärä koko. - This is a wrong size. 
  • Mä olin merkinnyt kalenteriin väärän päivän. - I had marked the wrong day in my calendar / journal. 
  • Tämä on väärin! - This is wrong!
  • Anteeksi, mä kuulin väärin. - I'm sorry, I misheard you. 
  • Hän on väärässä. - He is wrong. 
  • Anteeksi, muttataidat olla väärässä junassa. - I'm sorry, but you seem to be in a wrong train. 

Similar posts: 


"Read a book in easy Finnish. It will help you learn more Finnish."

Monday, November 13, 2017

eri - erilainen - ero

What is the difference between eri and erilainen?

Eri is something that is a completely different thing, object or matter.  The word eri doesn't get any endings.

  • Tämä on ihan eri asia! - This is a totally different thing! (You cannot even compare them.)
  • Tämä on eri kirja. - This is a different book. (You should get another one.)
  • Hän soitti eri paikasta kuin aikaisemmin. - He called from different place than before. (Not just different in style, but completely a different location.)

Erilainen is different kind and behaves like any adjective:

  • Tämä kirja on vähän erilainen. - This book is a little bit different.
  • Tästä päivästä tuli erilainen kuin kuvittelin. - This day became different than I imagined. 
  • Kokeillaan jotain erilaista!  - Let's try somehing different!
  • Sinä tuoksut erilaiselta kuin yleensä. - You smell different than usually.

Ero is a difference or a divorce.

  • Mitä eroa näillä on? - What's the difference between these?
  • Mitä eroa on sanoilla eri ja erilainen? - What's the difference between the words eri and erilainen?
  • Ensin tuli vauva, sitten ero. - First came a baby, then a divorce. 

Related posts and a song for you to listen to:


P.s. Have you tried reading novels in easy Finnish yet? Join Selkokirjalukupiiri in Facebook! You can ask about the novels that you are currently reading, get new ideas and discuss the book of the month with other readers.


Thursday, November 9, 2017

Writing tips

Here are writing tips for those who are taking the intermediate Yki exam.

  • Lue ohjeet huolellisesti. - Read the instructions carefully. 
  • Ole yksinkertainen. - Be simple. (The exam is not the place to try out new things, so write what you know is correct.)
  • Älä kirjoita liian pitkiä lauseita. - Don't write sentences that are too long.
  • Käytä vain sanoja, jotka tiedät. - Use only words that you know.
  • Kirjoita selkeällä käsialla. - Use clear handwriting. (A real human being will read your text.)
  • Tarkista lopuksi, että ymmärrät itse, mitä olet kirjoittanut. - After writing, check that you understand what you have written.

You learn to write by writing and getting feedback from your texts. You should also read a lot.

Useful posts:


Monday, November 6, 2017

Frequentative verbs

Here's a post about verbs that express actions that happen kind of repeatedly or in a light-hearted manner. First we have verb type 3 verbs that are all derived from verb type 1 verbs by changing the end of the verb into -ella or -ellä. As you will notice, sometimes the meaning of a word can change surprisingly much!

Test yourself and see how many of these you understand:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella
  2. haistaa > haistella
  3. heittää > heitellä
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä
  5. hyppiä > hypellä
  6. järjestää > järjestellä
  7. kastaa > kastella
  8. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella
  9. kysyä > kysellä
  10. laulaa > laulella
  11. muistaa > muistella
  12. oksentaa > oksennella
  13. palaa > palella
  14. sairastaa > sairastella
  15. soittaa > soitella
  16. sanoa > sanella
  17. rakastaa > rakastella
  18. tappaa > tapella
  19. vaihtua > vaihdella

Here are the translations:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella - to sneeze > to sneeze repeatedly
  2. haistaa > haistella - to smell > to sniff
  3. heittää > heitellä - to throw > to throw back and forth
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä - to ski > to ski around, to ski in a light-hearted manner
  5. hyppiä > hypellä - to jump > to jump around
  6. järjestää > järjestellä - to organize > to arrange, to sort
  7. kastaa > kastella - to dip  > to wet something
  8. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella - to write > to write back and forth
  9. kysyä > kysellä - to ask > to ask around
  10. laulaa > laulella - to sing > to sing in a light-hearted manner
  11. muistaa > muistella - to remember > to reminisce, to look back
  12. oksentaa > oksennella - to vomit > to throw up a little bit, but multiple times
  13. palaa > palella - to burn > to feel / be cold 
  14. sairastaa > sairastella - to be sick > to be sick repeatedly
  15. soittaa > soitella - to call/to play an instrument  > to call each other / to play an instrument in a light-hearted manner
  16. sanoa > sanella - to say > to dictate
  17. rakastaa > rakastella - to love > to make love
  18. tappaa > tapella - to kill > to fight, to argue
  19. vaihtua > vaihdella - to change > to vary, to alternate

Another way to make frequentative verbs is to add -eske- inside of  a verb type 3 verb. You can also add -eskella to some verb type 1 verbs. Verb type 4 verbs can get a suffix -illa.

How many do you already know?

  1. nuolla > nuoleskella
  2. olla > oleskella
  3. pierrä > piereskellä 
  4. panna > paneskella
  5. juosta > juoksennella (Juosta has an irregular conjugation anyway.)
  6. lukea > lueskella
  7. nauraa > naureskella
  8. halata > halailla
  9. kirota > kiroilla

Here are the translations:

  1. nuolla > nuoleskella - to lick > to lick multiple times, to suck up, to flatter
  2. olla > oleskella - to be > to dwell, to linger
  3. pierrä > piereskellä - to pass gas in general > to fart constantly
  4. panna > paneskella  - to have sex > to have sex with one or several people many times or in a light-hearted manner
  5. juosta > juoksennella - to run > to run around
  6. lukea > lueskella - to read > to read in a light-hearted manner
  7. nauraa > naureskella - to laught > to laugh in a sarcastic manner
  8. halata > halailla - to hug > to hug multiple times in a friendly and light-hearted way
  9. kirota > kiroilla - to curse someone > to swear

You can be very creative when making new verbs. Feel free to try anything, but don't be offended if people don't understand you.:)



Available YKI courses in Skype:

Friday, November 3, 2017

How to say "I have" in Finnish

Here's a tiny post about different translations of the English phrase I have. In Finnish, you can say it in three different ways!


Similar posts: 


Here are my available Yki courses: 

Monday, October 23, 2017

Mitä uutta? What's new?

Here's a post about my books and courses that are available right now. The newest thing is that I will have a Google Hangouts session on Monday 30.10. at 12.00 Finnish time. It is called Suomea lounaalla, and the idea is to spend your lunch break, or a part of it, by speaking and listening to Finnish. If you want, you can just listen and ask questions through the chat. Tervetuloa ryhmään!

Novels that I've simplified into easy Finnish:


You can borrow my books from the library. If you want to buy them, www.booky.fi is definitely the cheapest online store. I'm currently working on simplifying two novels for adults, two for kids and a comic book.

Available courses:


I also have a podcast channel where my goal is to speak easy Finnish. I'm either interviewing people about their job or hobbies, or reading aloud easy Finnish novels. My dream is to have a real podcast with famous people speaking selkokieli, but I'm not quite there yet.:)

If you want to discuss easy Finnish books with other readers, you can join this Facebook book club hosted by my Facebook page. I also have an Instagram account.

Here's my website about the private lessons. It says that I cannot take any new students right now, but I actually can, if you are ok with studying on Mondays or Tuesdays between 9.00 and 15.00. Other times might me negotiable, too, and you can always suggest topics and schedules for group courses.

p.s. Muista käyttää heijastinta! Remember to wear a reflector!



Thursday, October 19, 2017

When to use the different verb stems?

This post is quite long, but it's about verb stems. When talking about verbs, we often talk about the basic form, and then there's the stem after which you add the different markers and endings. (I also like to talk about the four important forms, but that's another post.)

Only one stem: Verb types 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and verb type 1 verbs without the consonant change.

The stem is easiest to figure out by making the 1st person singular (minä) form, and dropping the n:

  • ASUA, to live: Minä asun. He asuvat. > The stem is ASU-.
  • SYÖDÄ, to eat: Minä syön. He syövät. > The stem is SYÖ-.
  • OPISKELLA, to study: Minä opiskelen. He opiskelevat. > The stem is OPISKELE-.
  • AJATELLA, to think: Minä ajattelen. He ajattelevat > The stem is AJATTELE-
  • PELATA, to play: Minä pelaan. He pelaavat. > The stem is PELAA-.
  • TYKÄTÄ, to like: Minä tykkään. Sinä tykkäät. > The stem is TYKKÄÄ-.
  • VALITA, to choose: Minä valitsen. He valitsevat. > The stem is VALITSE-.
  • VANHETA, to become older: Minä vanhenen. Sinä vanhenet. > The stem is VANHENE-.
  • LÄMMETÄ, to become warmer: Minä lämpenen. Sinä lämpenet. > The stem is LÄMPENE-

Two stems: Verb type 1 verbs with the consonant change.

The (weak) stem is easiest to figure out by making the 1st person singular (minä) form, and dropping the n. The strong stem is easiest to make from the third person plural (he) and dropping the vat or vat ending.


  • LUKEA, to read: Minä luen. He lukevat. > The weak stem is LUE-, and he strong stem is LUKE-.
  • NUKKUA, to sleep: Minä nukun. He nukkuvat. > The weak stem is NUKU-, and the strong stem is NUKKU-.

Here's when you need the strong stem, in case it's the verb type 1 verb. If not, just use the only stem that the verb has before adding the markers and endings.  

1. Third persons in verb type 1, if the verb has a consonant change:
  • Hän lukee. - He reads. 
  • He lukevat. - They read

2. Conditional:
  • Lukisin enemmän, jos minulla olisi aikaa. - I would read more if I had time.

3. MA-infinitive:


  • Olin koko päivän rannalla lukemassa. - I spent the whole day reading on the beach.
  • Menen kirjastoon lukemaan. - I'm going to the library to read.
  • Mihin aikaan sinä tulet lukemasta? - At what time will you come from reading?
  • En voinut olla lukematta tätä. - I could not be without reading this.
  • Opiskelen ruotsia lukemalla ruotsinkielisiä blogeja. - I'm studying Swedish through reading blogs in Swedish.

4. Agent participle:
  • Onko tämä sinun kirjoittama? - Is this written by you?
  • Lukeminen on hauskaa! - Reading is fun!

Use the weak stem in following structures: 

  • Minä en lue. - I don't read. 

2. Imperative:
  • Lue! - Read!

3. Verb type 1 passive:
  • Luetaan! - Let's read!

Start form the basic form when making these structures: 

  • Lukekaa! - Read! (for many people)
  • Ajatelkaa! - Think! (for many people)

2. Passive
  • Suomessa syödään ruisleipää! - In Finlanf, people eat rye bread.
  • Opiskellaan! - Let's study.
  • Pakataan! - Let's pack. 
  • Mitä me tarvitaan? - What do we need? (spoken language)

3. Past participle active:
  • Minä en lukenut tätä eilen. - I didn't read this yesterday. 
  • Mitä sinä olet tehnyt? - What have you done?
  • Tulin tänne oppiakseni Suomea. - I came here to learn Finnish. 
  • Istuin junassa kirjaa lukien. - I sat on the train reading a book. 

p.s. Are you interested in books in easy Finnish? Welcome to Selkokirjalukupiiri! :)

Saturday, October 14, 2017

What to watch in Yle Areena

It's been a while since I recommended tv shows to watch in Finnish.

Here are three Yle Areena shows that are also available abroad:


If you are watching Yle Areena in Finland, you have to check out Sohvaperunat. Finnish people watching tv together with their friends and family. What could be better entertainment? :)

Sohvaperunat. Sohva = a sofa / a couch, Peruna = a potato

p.s. You can also order my blog to your email. Type your email to where it says "Read my posts in your email"  in the right hand banner.

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Choosing the perfect easy Finnish book

Would you like to read a book in easy Finnish, but you don't know which book would be good for you right now? Here's a handy flowchart that I just created:



You can take a look at the sample pages in Selkokeskus website. Booky.fi is another good online bookstore, and they also ship abroad.

Related posts:



Selkokirjoja. Books in easy Finnish.


Thursday, September 28, 2017

Finnish words with a lot of ö's

It's time for a fun list!

Do you know the meaning of this ö-words?

  1. dödö
  2. hölmö
  3. Höpö höpö!
  4. kökkö
  5. löllö
  6. mömmö
  7. mörkö
  8. nössö
  9. pöllö
  10. pönttö
  11. pöpö
  12. söpö
  13. tönö

Here are the translations:

  1. dödö - a colloquial word for deodorantti
  2. hölmö - a fool
  3. Höpö höpö! - Just kidding!
  4. kökkö - bad or tasteless as in kökköenglanti or kökkö elokuva
  5. löllö - wobbly as in löllö käsivarsi, a wobbly arm
  6. mömmö - goo as in Mitä tämä vihreä mömmö on? What's this green goo?
  7. mörkö - a boogeyman, or this scary Moomin character
  8. nössö - a wimp, a sissy
  9. pöllö - an owl
  10. pönttö - a toilet bowl, a large can, or a dumb person
  11. pöpö - a children's word for bakteeri
  12. söpö - cute
  13. tönö - a shack
Söpö pöllö.

Here are some other lists on this blog:


p.s. Check out my simplification of a Finnish novel!

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

nämä - nuo - ne

Who doesn't love Finnish demonstrative pronouns? I already have posts about the singular demonstrative pronouns:


This post is about the plural demonstrative pronouns nämä, nuo and ne - these, those and they.

Here's a little table with nämä, nuo and ne in nominative, partitive, genitive and local cases. I've noticed that very often students use nuo when they should use ne


nämä
nuo
ne
näitä
noita
niitä
näiden
noiden
niiden
näissä
noissa
niissä
näistä
noista
niistä
näihin
noihin
niihin
näillä
noilla
niillä
näiltä
noilta
niiltä
näille
noille
niille


Nämä - These

  • Keneltä sä sait nämä? - From whom did you get these?
  • Mitä sä teet näillä? - What do you do with these?
  • Mitä sä laitat näihin? - What will you put into these?

Nuo - Those (that you can point at)

  • Mitä noissa laatikoissa on? - What's in those boxes?
  • Mä en kestä noita! - I cannot stand those guys.
  • Mä käyn sanomassa noille, että me tullaan pian. - I'm going to go and tell those guys that we're coming soon.

Ne - They, the, them or those (that you cannot see right now, or that are close to the person you are talking to) In colloquial Finnish, we often say ne instead of he.

  • juttelin niiden kanssa eilen. - I spoke with them yesterday. 
  • Kysytään niiltä! - Let's ask them!
  • Mitä sä teet niille vanhoille sukille? - What will you do to those/the old socks?

Monday, September 25, 2017

Ylimmän tason puhumisen kurssi Skypessä

Oletko menossa ylimmän tason Yki-testiin 11. marraskuuta tai joskus myöhemmin? Haluaisitko harjoitella puhumisen osakoetta pienessä ryhmässä?


Perustietoa kurssista:


  • Neljänä maanantai-iltana klo 20.30 - 21.15.
  • Neljä 45 minuutin tapaamista Skypessä.
  • Ryhmässä on neljä opiskelijaa ja opettaja.
  • Opettaja kirjoittaa keskustelun aikana muistiinpanoja ja jakaa ne Google Docsin kautta.
  • Hinta 50 € per opiskelija (sisältää 24 % arvonlisäveron).


Päivämäärä
Päivän teema:
Maanantai 9.10.2017
Kertominen
Maanantai 23.10.2017
Tilanteet
Maanantai 30.10.2017
Mielipide
Maanantai 6.11.2017
Haastattelu




Ilmoittaudu kurssille: hanna.mannikkolahti@gmail.com.
Kurssilla on vielä kolme vapaata paikkaa.