Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Verbs that are the same in present and past

Pay attention to these verbs, because sometimes it might be really confusing that they look the same when conjugated in positive present and past tenses. The list is actually quite long. Whenever there is an i before the infinitive ending, the verb conjugates (almost) the same way in present and past. The verbs are either verb type 1 or 2 verbs. Verb type 2 is always the same. With verb type 1 verbs, the only thing that makes a difference is the third person singular. In other cases, you'll just have to figure out the meaning from the context.

The present conjugation of tanssia:

  • Minä tanssin - I dance
  • Sinä tanssit  - You dance
  • Hän tanssii - S/he dances
  • Me tanssimme - We dance
  • Te tanssitte  - You dance
  • He tanssivat - They dance

The past tense conjugation of tanssia:

  • Minä tanssin - I danced
  • Sinä tanssit - You danced
  • Hän tanssi  - S/he danced
  • Me tanssimme  - We danced
  • Te tanssitte - You danced
  • He tanssivat - They danced

Here are some common verbs that behave the same way:

  • analysoida - to analyze
  • arvioida - to evaluate
  • ehtiä - to have time to do something
  • etsiä - to look for, to search
  • imuroida - to vacuum
  • miettiä - to think in order to find a solution
  • oppia - to learn
  • tanssia - to dance
  • tupakoida - to smoke
  • tutkia - to investigate, to research
  • uida - to swim
  • voida - to be able to

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Lukea

Lukea is not just to read, but it is also used in expressions that would probably have the verb to say or something else in other languages. The four important forms are lukea, luen, luin and lukenut.


Sunday, July 12, 2015

Finnish books for intermediate and advanced learners

I really like the Samalla kartalla book series. You can already get Samalla kartalla 1 and Samalla kartalla 2, and the third one is coming in August. I like to recommend these books for my intermediate students who already know the basic grammar and want to practice reading comprehension, structures and vocabulary. If you want to study really difficult Finnish, check out Finnish for translators.

Here's a post about more material to teach yourself Finnish.

Wednesday, July 8, 2015

How to talk about nobody in Finnish

Ei kukaan is nobody. When used in a sentence, it goes like this:

  • Kukaan ei koskaan soita mulle! - Nobody ever calls me!
  • en halua puhua kenenkään kanssa. - I don't want to talk with anybody. 
  • en tunne täältä ketään. - I don't know anybody from here.
  • Minä en nähnyt ketään. - I didn't see anyone.
  • Kenelläkään ei ollut mitään sanottavaa. - Nobody had anything to say.
  • en saanut keneltäkään lahjoja. - I didn't get presents from anybody.
  • en puhunut kenellekään. - I didn't talk to anyone. 
  • Minä en antanut lahjoja kenellekään. - I didn't give presents to anybody.
  • en tykkää kenestäkään. - I don't like anybody. 
  • Mä en luota kehenkään. - I don't trust anybody.