Monday, November 13, 2017

eri - erilainen - ero

What is the difference between eri and erilainen?

Eri is something that is a completely different thing, object or matter.  The word eri doesn't get any endings.

  • Tämä on ihan eri asia! - This is a totally different thing! (You cannot even compare them.)
  • Tämä on eri kirja. - This is a different book. (You should get another one.)
  • Hän soitti eri paikasta kuin aikaisemmin. - He called from different place than before. (Not just different in style, but completely a different location.)

Erilainen is different kind and behaves like any adjective:

  • Tämä kirja on vähän erilainen. - This book is a little bit different.
  • Tästä päivästä tuli erilainen kuin kuvittelin. - This day became different than I imagined. 
  • Kokeillaan jotain erilaista!  - Let's try somehing different!
  • Sinä tuoksut erilaiselta kuin yleensä. - You smell different than usually.

Ero is a difference or a divorce.

  • Mitä eroa näillä on? - What's the difference between these?
  • Mitä eroa on sanoilla eri ja erilainen? - What's the difference between the words eri and erilainen?
  • Ensin tuli vauva, sitten ero. - First came a baby, then a divorce. 

Related posts and a song for you to listen to:


P.s. Have you tried reading novels in easy Finnish yet? Join Selkokirjalukupiiri in Facebook! You can ask about the novels that you are currently reading, get new ideas and discuss the book of the month with other readers.

Thursday, November 9, 2017

Writing tips

Here are writing tips for those who are taking the intermediate Yki exam.

  • Lue ohjeet huolellisesti. - Read the instructions carefully. 
  • Ole yksinkertainen. - Be simple. (The exam is not the place to try out new things, so write what you know is correct.)
  • Älä kirjoita liian pitkiä lauseita. - Don't write sentences that are too long.
  • Käytä vain sanoja, jotka tiedät. - Use only words that you know.
  • Kirjoita selkeällä käsialla. - Use clear handwriting. (A real human being will read your text.)
  • Tarkista lopuksi, että ymmärrät itse, mitä olet kirjoittanut. - After writing, check that you understand what you have written.

You learn to write by writing and getting feedback from your texts. You should also read a lot.

Useful posts:

Monday, November 6, 2017

Frequentative verbs

Here's a post about verbs that express actions that happen kind of repeatedly or in a light-hearted manner. First we have verb type 3 verbs that are all derived from verb type 1 verbs by changing the end of the verb into -ella or -ellä. As you will notice, sometimes the meaning of a word can change surprisingly much!

Test yourself and see how many of these you understand:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella
  2. haistaa > haistella
  3. heittää > heitellä
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä
  5. hyppiä > hypellä
  6. järjestää > järjestellä
  7. kastaa > kastella
  8. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella
  9. kysyä > kysellä
  10. laulaa > laulella
  11. muistaa > muistella
  12. oksentaa > oksennella
  13. palaa > palella
  14. sairastaa > sairastella
  15. soittaa > soitella
  16. sanoa > sanella
  17. rakastaa > rakastella
  18. tappaa > tapella
  19. vaihtua > vaihdella

Here are the translations:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella - to sneeze > to sneeze repeatedly
  2. haistaa > haistella - to smell > to sniff
  3. heittää > heitellä - to throw > to throw back and forth
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä - to ski > to ski around, to ski in a light-hearted manner
  5. hyppiä > hypellä - to jump > to jump around
  6. järjestää > järjestellä - to organize > to arrange, to sort
  7. kastaa > kastella - to dip  > to wet something
  8. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella - to write > to write back and forth
  9. kysyä > kysellä - to ask > to ask around
  10. laulaa > laulella - to sing > to sing in a light-hearted manner
  11. muistaa > muistella - to remember > to reminisce, to look back
  12. oksentaa > oksennella - to vomit > to throw up a little bit, but multiple times
  13. palaa > palella - to burn > to feel / be cold 
  14. sairastaa > sairastella - to be sick > to be sick repeatedly
  15. soittaa > soitella - to call/to play an instrument  > to call each other / to play an instrument in a light-hearted manner
  16. sanoa > sanella - to say > to dictate
  17. rakastaa > rakastella - to love > to make love
  18. tappaa > tapella - to kill > to fight, to argue
  19. vaihtua > vaihdella - to change > to vary, to alternate

Another way to make frequentative verbs is to add -eske- inside of  a verb type 3 verb. You can also add -eskella to some verb type 1 verbs. Verb type 4 verbs can get a suffix -illa.

How many do you already know?

  1. nuolla > nuoleskella
  2. olla > oleskella
  3. pierrä > piereskellä 
  4. panna > paneskella
  5. juosta > juoksennella (Juosta has an irregular conjugation anyway.)
  6. lukea > lueskella
  7. nauraa > naureskella
  8. halata > halailla
  9. kirota > kiroilla

Here are the translations:

  1. nuolla > nuoleskella - to lick > to lick multiple times, to suck up, to flatter
  2. olla > oleskella - to be > to dwell, to linger
  3. pierrä > piereskellä - to pass gas in general > to fart constantly
  4. panna > paneskella  - to have sex > to have sex with one or several people many times or in a light-hearted manner
  5. juosta > juoksennella - to run > to run around
  6. lukea > lueskella - to read > to read in a light-hearted manner
  7. nauraa > naureskella - to laught > to laugh in a sarcastic manner
  8. halata > halailla - to hug > to hug multiple times in a friendly and light-hearted way
  9. kirota > kiroilla - to curse someone > to swear

You can be very creative when making new verbs. Feel free to try anything, but don't be offended if people don't understand you.:)



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Friday, November 3, 2017

How to say "I have" in Finnish

Here's a tiny post about different translations of the English phrase I have. In Finnish, you can say it in three different ways!


Similar posts: 


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